Technology Beyond 2035
Cure for Alzheimer’s Disease:
Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia. AD is diagnosed most often in people over the age of 65. By 2050, Alzheimer’s is predicted to affect 1 in 85 people globally. There are many common symptoms of AD, even though it develops differently for every individual. Early symptoms are mistakenly thought to be age-related problems, or signs of stress. The most common symptom in the early stages of AD is the difficulty in remembering recent events. Symptoms can include confusion, mood swings, irritability and aggression, trouble with language and long-term memory loss. Gradually, bodily functions are lost, ultimately leading to death.
In the 2020s, new treatments will develop for Alzheimer’s, reducing the risk of getting the disease by more than half. After another decade of progress, an effective cure for Alzheimer’s was found. Researchers have identified precise mechanisms and processes involved in the loss of neurons and synapses in the cerebral cortex and subcortical regions. With a new generation of drugs, faulty genes can be “switched off” while the itself can be regenerated using stem cells.
This breakthrough was partially aided by reverse-engineering of the human brain, which provided researches with a complete model of its neurological system down to the cellular level. Nanobots, which were first developed in 2025, are now being used thoroughly around the medical establishments and these machines can precisely target individual cells.
By Chris Stevenson
Although yet to become mainstream, bionic eye implants are now available not only to restore sight, but actually to better human vision.
The generation of these implants began in 2010. They were somewhat crude initially providing only a pixelated view of the world and requiring the use of glasses frames for mounting.
By Tabola Kganane
In-vitro Meat is a Rapidly growing Industry:
Recent advances in tissue engineering have made it possible to “grow” synthetic meat using single animal cells. After further years of testing and refinement, a wide variety of meat products are now available in what has now become a rapidly expanding market.
In-vitro meat has many advantages. Being just a cluster of cultivated cells, it is produced without cruelty or harming animals. It is surprisingly healthy and pure whilst keeping its original taste, texture and appearance of traditional meat. What is perhaps most important about in-vitro meat is that it requires far less water and energy to be produced, which greatly lessens the impact on the environment.
Like GM crops, political and psychological hurdles delayed its introduction to consumers. The emerging food crisis, however, along with endorsements from animal welfare groups, gave the impetus to the development of it. It is now a mainstream product in many countries around the world, even though it is still years away from completely replacing traditional meat.
By Chris Stevenson